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Wood

Wood Turning is a particular love of Barb's. The obsession started with her first turning class in 2003 with Alan Lacer at the Marc Adams School of Woodworking. Since then, she has studied with many masters of the art. David Marks, Alan Stirt, Matthew Hill, Michael Hosaluk, Malcolm Tibbets, and Jennifer Shirley, to name a few. 

   

Spindle turning, bowls, and hollow forms. The variety of woods that can be used....from green logs to kiln dried stock. The possibilities are endless as Barb stretches her knowledge and skills to create that next piece of art.

      

Shaker Boxes are formed by bending very thick wood veneer. The body of the box and the band of the top of the box start out as flat, rectangular pieces of wood. One end of each is soaked in water, and the "fingers" are cut by hand. Then, both pieces are boiled for a time, then bent around a form. The body is then tacked in place with copper tacks. The narrow band for the top of the box is then formed around the top of the body, removed, tacked, then placed back around the body. "Shapers" are placed in the top and bottom, and this is left to dry for 2-3 days. The top and bottom pieces are then cut and sanded to fit the body and top, then they are secured with wooden pegs. No glues are used...only tacks and pegs. Barb frequently uses figured wood veneers for the tops of her Shaker boxes.

Fan Carving is one of the oldest forms of woodcarving, and originated in Russia, then moved west to the Scandinavian and European countries. Barb mostly carves fan birds, but other items can be produced with the technique. She carves hummingbirds, geese, doves of peace, cardinals, love birds, and love birds with a heart. Non bird carvings include the "Love Gift Angel" and a butterfly on a stump. Except for the Love Gift Angel, which is made from 2 pieces of wood, all of the other fan carvings in the studio are one piece of wood. The carvings start from one rectangular piece of green, or wet, wood that is approximately 5" long x 2" wide x 1/2" thick. The wings are shaped then rived or sliced, then the body of the bird is carved. Once that is done, each "feather" is pulled and interlocked alternately...1st one to the right, 2nd one to the left, 3rd one to the right and interlocked with the 1st, and so on. Some of the feathers are left for the tail, and they are just interlocked in a different direction. The bird dries for 2-3 days, then usually sprayed with a coat or two of lacquer or shellac. Barb was/is an eager student of Sally and David Nye who have written two books on the history and techniques of fan carving. For more information on Fan Carving, visit www.FanCarversWorld.com.

Marquetry is the process of constructing pictures with wood veneers (approx 1/40th" thick). The veneer is cut on a scroll saw at a beveled angle so as to create a cork in bottle fit to avoid gaps between the pieces. The process of cutting and fitting is very tedious and time consuming. Marc Adams, Barb's instructor at the Marc Adams School of Woodworking, was not joking about that. But he is a master, so she was taught by the best. 

   

After the veneer picture is complete, it is cut into a background piece of veneer, and that entire piece is pressed and adhesed onto a substrate of plywood or MDF. A plain backer piece of veneer is also pressed onto the back of the substrate at the same time. The pressing is accomplished by manual pressure with clamps, a book press, or with a vacuum press. Once the pressing is complete, the adhesive must dry for a day or two. Then, all of the veneer tape must be scraped and sanded off while not sanding through the veneer. Then comes a finish and framing.

Kolrosing is an old Scandanavian technique that was most often used to decorate utilitarian objects such as spoons, bowls, plates, and cups. The designs are incised, not technically "cut", into the wooden object, then colored by rubbing in a darkening compound such as bark dust or finely ground coffee. In the old days, coal dust was used, hence, kolrosing. Barb most frequently uses coffee for her projects.

  

Celtic designs are the tradition, but any design is usable. Soft basswood is the best substrate, as the incising tool needs to be able to part the wood fibers. In general, a food safe finish such as walnut or sesame oil is used so that the item may be used as a serving plate, etc. Barb learned this craft from Judy Ritger, who is an international master at rosemaling, kolrosing, and wood carving.

Turned Wood Bowl - Mahogany


Turned Wood Bowls


Turned Wood Bowl


Turned Wood Miniature Vases


Turned Wood Handled Ice Cream Scoops


Shaker Boxes


Fan Birds, Peace Dove, Cardinal, Goose

Cardinal Fan Bird, from a single piece of wood

   
Marquetry - Barb creates custom pieces of pets, starting with a favorite photo.



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